1. Chemical Pest Control – Chemical pest control is the use of chemical agents to reduce or eliminate pests from an area. These chemicals may be insecticides, rodenticides, fungicides, or other products designed to kill specific pests. Chemical pest control is often used in combination with other methods such as trapping and physical barriers to achieve the desired results. Chemical pest control can be a quick solution but can also have negative effects on the environment or nearby wildlife if not carefully managed.
2. Organic Pest Control – Organic pest control is the use of natural methods to reduce or eliminate pests from an area. These methods may include the introduction of natural predators, such as ladybugs for aphids; the use of beneficial insects, such as predaceous mites for spider mites; and the use of plant-derived repellents, such as peppermint oil for ants. Organic pest control is often used in combination with other methods such as trapping and physical barriers to achieve desired results. It can be a less intrusive solution than chemical pest control but may require more time or resources to be effective.
3. Integrated Pest Management (IPM) – Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is a comprehensive approach to managing pests by combining multiple methods such as physical barriers, traps, pest-resistant plants, and beneficial insects. IPM strives to minimize the need for chemical pesticides by combining prevention measures with monitoring and targeted treatments. The goal of IPM is to reduce pest populations to a level that does not cause economic or health damage. With IPM, an integrated team works together to consider factors such as biology and behavior of pests, environment, and resources before creating a plan of action.
4. Exclusion Strategies – Pest control exclusion strategies are techniques used to prevent pest infestations from occurring in the first place. These strategies involve making physical changes to structures and areas, such as sealing off cracks and crevices, installing window screens and door sweeps, keeping vegetation trimmed back away from buildings, and eliminating standing water. Exclusion strategies can be an effective way to keep pests out of a home or business with minimal disturbance or disruption.
5. Traps and Baits – Different types of pest control traps and baits can be effective in Flagstaff, Arizona depending on the type of pests. For example, rodent traps such as glue boards or snap traps are effective for capturing rodents. Bait stations with anticoagulant bait can be used to attract and poison mice, rats, and other small mammals. Roach motels, sticky traps, and insecticidal sprays are good options for controlling cockroaches. And bait containing an insect growth regulator is effective against certain flying insects such as flies, moths, and mosquitoes.
6. Fumigation – Fumigation is a type of pest control that uses toxic gases to eradicate pests from a specific area. It is used to get rid of insects, rodents, and other pests that are considered difficult or impossible to get rid of with conventional methods. The process involves sealing off the area and pumping in an insecticide-filled gas. This gas quickly permeates the area and kills any pests within it. Fumigation can be an effective way to eliminate entire populations of pests but should only be done by professionals due to the potential danger associated with the toxic gases.
7. Thermal Remediation – Thermal Remediation is a type of pest control that uses heat in order to eradicate pests. The process involves heating the area with hot air, usually up to a temperature of 140°F (60°C). This extreme heat is able to penetrate deep into walls and other hard-to-reach places and quickly kills all pests within it. It is especially effective for bed bugs as they are not able to survive such high temperatures. Thermal remediation is generally considered safe as no chemical agents or baits are used; however, it can be expensive to implement.
8. Predator Introduction – Predator introduction is a type of pest control that uses natural predators to reduce an overpopulation of certain pests. In Flagstaff, Arizona, this has been done with the use of native tarantulas to combat invasive camel crickets which have become a problem in local homes. Additionally, the Arizona Game and Fish Department has released 35 ferruginous hawks in order to help balance out the rodent population. This method of pest control has proven to be effective as the natural predators keep the pests populations under control.
9. Natural Predators – In Northern Arizona, there are several natural predators that can be used as a form of pest control. These include tarantulas for controlling invasive camel crickets, bats for controlling mosquitos, barn owls for controlling rodents, lizards for controlling insects, and ferruginous hawks for controlling small animals such as rabbits. Additionally, snakes are often effective at keeping rodent populations in check. Each of these creatures is native to the region and can provide a natural solution to a pest problem without the use of harmful chemicals or baits.
10. Insecticides – Insecticides are chemicals that are used to control and kill unwanted insects. These substances are designed to target certain bugs while leaving beneficial insects unharmed. Common types of insecticides include organophosphates, carbamates, pyrethroids, chloronicotinyls, and neonicotinoids. Insecticides can be applied as liquids, dusts, aerosols, or granules and can be used in public spaces such as parks, gardens, and agricultural areas.
11. Rodenticides – Rodenticides are chemicals that are used to control and kill rodents such as rats and mice. These substances can be applied in the form of baits, dusts, liquids, or granules and should be handled with care due to their potential toxicity. Some common types of rodenticides include anticoagulants, relative toxicants (RTs), cholecalciferol, zinc phosphide, bromethalin, and strychnine. Rodenticides should only be used when other control measures have failed and should always be placed in areas where they will not come in contact with non-target animals or humans.
12. Fungicides – Fungicides are chemicals that are used to control and kill fungi or fungal spores. These substances are typically applied as a liquid spray, dust, aerosol, or granule and can be used in both indoor and outdoor settings. Common types of fungicides include contact fungicides, systemics, protectants, and biopesticides. Proper use of fungicides is important in order to limit environmental contamination and reduce the risk of resistance development.
13. Aerosol Sprays – Aerosol sprays are often used for pest control as they provide a quick and effective method of delivering insecticides or other pest control products. This type of delivery system usually works by vaporizing the contents into a fine mist that attaches to the surfaces, killing any pests it comes in contact with. Aerosol sprays can be used to target specific areas and can also be used to cover large areas quickly. Care should be taken when using aerosol sprays as some products can be harmful if inhaled by humans or pets.
14. Electrical Zappers – Electrical zappers are an effective method of pest control, as they eliminate pests through an electrical shock. They are especially useful for controlling flying insects, as the current is strong enough to kill on contact. However, it is important to remember that electrical zappers can also be dangerous when handled improperly, and should therefore only be used in well-ventilated areas. In addition, it is best to use a combination of different pest control methods for the most effective results.
15. Ultrasonic Devices – Ultrasonic devices are a popular choice for pest control, as they provide an effective method of eliminating pests without the use of chemicals or other hazardous materials. The devices emit high-frequency sound waves that are designed to cause discomfort and disorientation in certain types of insects and rodents. As with any type of pest control, it is important to understand the type of pest being targeted before using an ultrasonic device, as some species may not be affected by these waves. Ultrasonic devices can also be used in combination with physical methods such as traps or baits for best results.
16. Physical Barriers – Physical barriers are a common pest control method that involves blocking pests from entering a certain area or structure. These barriers can include items such as weather-stripping, caulking, and screens. They work by preventing access to food, water, and shelter, making it difficult for pests to enter and survive. Physical barriers can also be used in combination with other methods such as traps, baits, and chemical treatments for the most effective results.
17. Sanitation Practices – Sanitation practices play an important role in pest control, as it can help to reduce the number of pests and the potential for them to cause damage or spread disease. Sanitation practices involve removing harborage sites, such as clutter and debris from your property, eliminating food sources by properly storing and disposing of waste, and regularly cleaning areas that may be prone to attracting pests. In addition to these preventive measures, it is also important to keep a close eye on any potential signs of pest activity, including droppings, nests and other signs of an infestation.
18. Attractants or Lures – In Northern Arizona, attractants or lures are commonly used in pest control to draw pests away from your property. Commonly used lures can include pheromone traps, food-baited traps, and even light traps. Pheromone traps contain a chemical substance that mimics the scent of a female insect, which is then used to lure male insects for capture. Food-baited traps are most effective against flying insects and rodents and involve providing them with bait like sugar water or peanut butter to lure them into the trap. Light traps use UV light to attract flying insects such as moths and flies, making it an effective method for controlling these types of pests.
19. Repellents – There are a wide variety of repellents used for pest control, some of which may be hazardous and should not be used. Chemical repellents such as synthetic pyrethroids can be effective in controlling insects but may cause harm to humans and other species if applied incorrectly or in large amounts. Natural repellents such as peppermint oil, boric acid, and citrus oils are also effective against pests but pose less risk to humans and other species. Non-chemical repellents such as ultrasonic sound devices or beneficial nematodes are also available, although their effectiveness varies depending on the type of pest they are targeting.
20. Mechanical Control Methods – Mechanical control methods for pest control involve the physical removal or destruction of pests through various means. Physical removal can include trapping and hand-picking, whereas pest destruction can involve using tools such as baited traps, glue boards, and even pesticides in some cases. These methods are effective at managing pest populations but must be used with caution to ensure that no harm is done to beneficial species or humans. Physical barriers such as screens and weatherstrips can also be used to keep insects out of buildings.
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Information outlined by Ryan Kanaley
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